linux中安装及配置vim,增强VI编辑美观及适用性

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新版教程迁移至:https://www.10sxj.com/?id=3对CentOS也适用

1.在虚拟机安装Ubuntu18.04;

2.安装vim命令行中输入: sudo apt-get install vim

3.查看安装是否成功输入:vim -v

2.配置vim

(1.)在主目录下新建.vimrc,并添加一下内容

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" 显示相关  
" """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
 "set shortmess=atI   " 启动的时候不显示那个援助乌干达儿童的提示  
 "winpos 5 5          " 设定窗口位置  
 "set lines=40 columns=155    " 设定窗口大小  
 "set nu              " 显示行号  
 set go=             " 不要图形按钮  
 "color asmanian2     " 设置背景主题  
 "set guifont=Courier_New:h10:cANSI   " 设置字体  
 "syntax on           " 语法高亮  
 autocmd InsertLeave * se nocul  " 用浅色高亮当前行  
 autocmd InsertEnter * se cul    " 用浅色高亮当前行  
 "set ruler           " 显示标尺  
 set showcmd         " 输入的命令显示出来,看的清楚些  
 "set cmdheight=1     " 命令行(在状态行下)的高度,设置为1  
 "set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l   " 允许backspace和光标键跨越行边界(不建议)  
 "set scrolloff=3     " 光标移动到buffer的顶部和底部时保持3行距离  
 set novisualbell    " 不要闪烁(不明白)  
 set statusline=%F%m%r%h%w\ [FORMAT=%{&ff}]\ [TYPE=%Y]\ [POS=%l,%v][%p%%]\ %{strftime(\"%d/%m/%y\ -\ %H:%M\")}   "状态行显示的内容  
 set laststatus=1    " 启动显示状态行(1),总是显示状态行(2)  
 " set foldenable      " 允许折叠  
 set foldmethod=manual   " 手动折叠  
 "set background=dark "背景使用黑色 
 set nocompatible  "去掉讨厌的有关vi一致性模式,避免以前版本的一些bug和局限  
 " 显示中文帮助
 if version >= 603
 set helplang=cn
 set encoding=utf-8
 endif
         " 设置配色方案
         "colorscheme murphy
         "字体 
         "if (has("gui_running")) 
         "   set guifont=Bitstream\ Vera\ Sans\ Mono\ 10 
         "endif "

set fencs=utf-8,ucs-bom,shift-jis,gb18030,gbk,gb2312,cp936
set termencoding=utf-8
set encoding=utf-8
set fileencodings=ucs-bom,utf-8,cp936
set fileencoding=utf-8


autocmd BufReadPost *
    \ if line("'\"") > 0 && line("'\"") <= line("$") |
    \     exe "normal g'\"" |
    \ endif

" SHORTCUT SETTINGS: {{{1
" Set mapleader
let mapleader=","
" Space to command mode.
nnoremap <space> :
vnoremap <space> :
" Switching between buffers.
nnoremap <C-h> <C-W>h
nnoremap <C-j> <C-W>j
nnoremap <C-k> <C-W>k
nnoremap <C-l> <C-W>l
inoremap <C-h> <Esc><C-W>h
inoremap <C-j> <Esc><C-W>j
inoremap <C-k> <Esc><C-W>k
inoremap <C-l> <Esc><C-W>l
" "cd" to change to open directory.
let OpenDir=system("pwd")
nmap <silent> <leader>cd :exe 'cd ' . OpenDir<cr>:pwd<cr>

" PLUGIN SETTINGS: {{{1
" taglist.vim
let g:Tlist_Auto_Update=1
let g:Tlist_Process_File_Always=1
let g:Tlist_Exit_OnlyWindow=1
let g:Tlist_Show_One_File=1
let g:Tlist_WinWidth=25
let g:Tlist_Enable_Fold_Column=0
let g:Tlist_Auto_Highlight_Tag=1
" NERDTree.vim
let g:NERDTreeWinPos="right"
let g:NERDTreeWinSize=25
let g:NERDTreeShowLineNumbers=1
let g:NERDTreeQuitOnOpen=1
" cscope.vim
if has("cscope")
    set csto=1
    set cst
    set nocsverb
    if filereadable("cscope.out")
        cs add cscope.out
    endif
    set csverb
endif
" OmniCppComplete.vim
let g:OmniCpp_DefaultNamespaces=["std"]
let g:OmniCpp_MayCompleteScope=1
let g:OmniCpp_SelectFirstItem=2
" VimGDB.vim
if has("gdb")
	set asm=0
	let g:vimgdb_debug_file=""
	run macros/gdb_mappings.vim
endif
" LookupFile setting
let g:LookupFile_TagExpr='"./tags.filename"'
let g:LookupFile_MinPatLength=2
let g:LookupFile_PreserveLastPattern=0
let g:LookupFile_PreservePatternHistory=1
let g:LookupFile_AlwaysAcceptFirst=1
let g:LookupFile_AllowNewFiles=0
" Man.vim
source $VIMRUNTIME/ftplugin/man.vim
" snipMate
let g:snips_author="Du Jianfeng"
let g:snips_email="cmdxiaoha@163.com"
let g:snips_copyright="SicMicro, Inc"
" plugin shortcuts
function! RunShell(Msg, Shell)
	echo a:Msg . '...'
	call system(a:Shell)
	echon 'done'
endfunction
nmap  <F2> :TlistToggle<cr>
nmap  <F3> :NERDTreeToggle<cr>
nmap  <F4> :MRU<cr>
nmap  <F5> <Plug>LookupFile<cr>
nmap  <F6> :vimgrep /<C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr>/ **/*.c **/*.h<cr><C-o>:cw<cr>
nmap  <F9> :call RunShell("Generate tags", "ctags -R --c++-kinds=+p --fields=+iaS --extra=+q .")<cr>
nmap <F10> :call HLUDSync()<cr>
nmap <F11> :call RunShell("Generate filename tags", "~/.vim/shell/genfiletags.sh")<cr>
nmap <F12> :call RunShell("Generate cscope", "cscope -Rb")<cr>:cs add cscope.out<cr>
nmap <leader>sa :cs add cscope.out<cr>
nmap <leader>ss :cs find s <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>sg :cs find g <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>sc :cs find c <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>st :cs find t <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>se :cs find e <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>sf :cs find f <C-R>=expand("<cfile>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>si :cs find i <C-R>=expand("<cfile>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>sd :cs find d <C-R>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr>
nmap <leader>zz <C-w>o
nmap <leader>gs :GetScripts<cr>

autocmd BufNewFile *.cpp,*.[ch],*.sh,*.java exec ":call SetTitle()"
func SetTitle()
	if &filetype == 'sh'
		call setline(1,"\#########################################################################")
		call append(line("."), "\# File Name: ".expand("%"))
		call append(line(".")+1, "\# Author: 舒承扬")
		call append(line(".")+2, "\# mail: 1083790169@qq.com")
		call append(line(".")+3, "\# Created Time:".strftime("%c"))
		call append(line(".")+4,"\#########################################################################")
		call append(line(".")+5, "\#!/bin/bash")
		call append(line(".")+6, "") 
	else
		call setline(1, "/*************************************************************************")
		call append(line("."), "    > File Name: ".expand("%"))
		call append(line(".")+1, "    > Author: 舒承扬")
		call append(line(".")+2, "    > Mail: 1083790169@qq.com ")
		call append(line(".")+3, "    > Created Time: ".strftime("%c"))
		call append(line(".")+4," ************************************************************************/")
		call append(line(".")+5, "") 
	endif
	if &filetype == 'cpp'
		call append(line(".")+6, "#include <iostream>")

		call append(line(".")+7, "")
		call append(line(".")+8, "using namespace std;")
		call append(line(".")+9, "")
		call append(line(".")+10, "int main(void){")
		call append(line(".")+11, "")
		call append(line(".")+12, "    return 0;")
		call append(line(".")+13, "}")
	endif
	if &filetype == 'c'
		call append(line(".")+6, "#include <stdio.h>")
		call append(line(".")+7, "")
		call append(line(".")+8, "int main(void){")
		call append(line(".")+9, "")
		call append(line(".")+10,"  return 0;")
		call append(line(".")+11, "}")
	endif
	autocmd BufNewFile *normal G
endfunc
inoremap ( ()<Esc>i>

(2.)执行sudo vi /etc/vim/vimrc,在文件尾添加如下内容

set ts=4
set expandtab
set autoindent
set nu
set nocompatible 
set number
set autoindent
set smartindent
set showmatch
set ruler
set incsearch
set tabstop=4
set shiftwidth=4
set softtabstop=4
set cindent
set nobackup
set clipboard+=unnamed
"inoremap [ []<Esc>i
"inoremap { {}<Esc>i
"inoremap ( ()<Esc>i
"inoremap ' ''<Esc>i
"inoremap " ""<Esc>i

(3.)重启终端或电脑

3.检测是否成功,新建一个c文件或c++文件

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